Myopia Control For Children Could Mean Clearer Vision in Adulthood
Myopia or nearsightedness is a common problem in children and adults. Unfortunately, cases of childhood myopia almost always get worse with time. As they grow into adulthood, they experience poorer and poorer distance vision. The good news is, you may be able to preserve some of their distance vision through myopia control.
What is Myopia?
Myopia is the inability to clearly see objects that are far away. When the eyeball is too long in proportion to the curvature of the cornea, it causes light to focus at a point just in front of the retina rather than directly on the retina. This causes everything beyond a certain distance to appear blurry.
What are the consequences of worsening myopia?
- 4-15 times higher risk of retinal detachments
- 2-5 times higher risk of cataracts
- 2-3 times higher risk of glaucoma
- Increased risk of myopic macular degeneration with worsening myopia
What is Myopia Control?
Myopia control is a process of gently restructuring the eye and decreasing eye strain that is linked to myopia progression. Although myopia control is not a cure and cannot fix the level of nearsightedness your child already has, it can help slow down the progression of myopia and keep it from getting much worse.
Myopia control employs a variety of methods.
Ordinary single vision spectacle lenses do not provide any protection from the effects of prolonged near work on myopia progression. Fortunately, there are several different types of spectacle designs that can work to reduce myopia progression by reducing eyestrain when working up close:
- Multifocal options
- Bifocal options such as Executive Bifocals.
- Peripheral defocus options such as Nikon Relax-See lenses.
Specialty Contact Lenses
Research has shown that specialty contact lenses that create an area of soft focus in our peripheral vision can act to slow down the progression of myopia. Traditionally, the primary form of myopia control involved the use of overnight ortho-K lenses, however recent advances in technology has allowed the use of soft daily disposable contact lenses that can achieve reduction in myopia progression.
- Soft daily myopia control lenses such as MiSight 1-Day
- Multifocal lenses such as Biofinity Multifocals
- Ortho-K options such as Paragon CRT
Specialty Eye Drops
Prescription anti-cholinergic eye drops act to reduce the progression of myopia by reducing over-focusing of the eyes when working up close. Recently the most appropriate dosage for such eye drops is the topic of intensive research, with a need to balance the myopia control effects and unwanted side effects of these medicated eye drops such as light sensitivity and blurry vision.
Book an appointment instantly at Eyecare Plus Corrimal.
Eyecare Plus Corrimal Optometrist | Myopia Control & Dry Eye Clinic
Shop 2 / 104 Railway Street, Corrimal, NSW 2518
Phone: (02) 4284 0604
Fax: (02) 4284 0226